Run Commands for your reference

    Run Commands:

    compmgmt.msc - Computer management

    devmgmt.msc - Device manager

    diskmgmt.msc - Disk management

    dfrg.msc - Disk defrag

    eventvwr.msc - Event viewer

    fsmgmt.msc - Shared folders

    gpedit.msc - Group policies

    lusrmgr.msc - Local users and groups

    perfmon.msc - Performance monitor

    rsop.msc - Resultant set of policies

    secpol.msc - Local security settings

    services.msc - Various Services

    msconfig - System Configuration Utility

    regedit - Registry Editor

    msinfo32 _ System Information

    sysedit _ System Edit

    win.ini _ windows loading information(also system.ini)

    winver _ Shows current version of windows

    mailto: _ Opens default email client

    command _ Opens command prompt

    Run Commands to access the control panel:


    Add/Remove Programs control appwiz.cpl

    Date/Time Properties control timedate.cpl

    Display Properties control desk.cpl

    FindFast control findfast.cpl

    Fonts Folder control fonts

    Internet Properties control inetcpl.cpl

    Keyboard Properties control main.cpl keyboard

    Mouse Properties control main.cpl

    Multimedia Properties control mmsys.cpl

    Network Properties control netcpl.cpl

    Password Properties control password.cpl

    Printers Folder control printers

    Sound Properties control mmsys.cpl sounds

    System Properties control sysdm.cpl

    Command Prompt:


    ANSI.SYS Defines functions that change display graphics, control cursor movement, and reassign keys.

    APPEND Causes MS-DOS to look in other directories when editing a file or running a command.

    ARP Displays, adds, and removes arp information from network devices.

    ASSIGN Assign a drive letter to an alternate letter.

    ASSOC View the file associations.

    AT Schedule a time to execute commands or programs.

    ATMADM Lists connections and addresses seen by Windows ATM call manager.

    ATTRIB Display and change file attributes.

    BATCH Recovery console command that executes a series of commands in a file.

    BOOTCFG Recovery console command that allows a user to view, modify, and rebuild the boot.ini

    BREAK Enable / disable CTRL + C feature.

    CACLS View and modify file ACL's.

    CALL Calls a batch file from another batch file.

    CD Changes directories.

    CHCP Supplement the International keyboard and character set information.

    CHDIR Changes directories.

    CHKDSK Check the hard disk drive running FAT for errors.

    CHKNTFS Check the hard disk drive running NTFS for errors.

    CHOICE Specify a listing of multiple options within a batch file.

    CLS Clears the screen.

    CMD Opens the command interpreter.

    COLOR Easily change the foreground and background color of the MS-DOS window.

    COMP Compares files.

    COMPACT Compresses and uncompress files.

    CONTROL Open control panel icons from the MS-DOS prompt.

    CONVERT Convert FAT to NTFS.

    COPY Copy one or more files to an alternate location.

    CTTY Change the computers input/output devices.

    DATE View or change the systems date.

    DEBUG Debug utility to create assembly programs to modify hardware settings.

    DEFRAG Re-arrange the hard disk drive to help with loading programs.

    DEL Deletes one or more files.

    DELETE Recovery console command that deletes a file.

    DELTREE Deletes one or more files and/or directories.

    DIR List the contents of one or more directory.

    DISABLE Recovery console command that disables Windows system services or drivers.

    DISKCOMP Compare a disk with another disk.

    DISKCOPY Copy the contents of one disk and place them on another disk.

    DOSKEY Command to view and execute commands that have been run in the past.

    DOSSHELL A GUI to help with early MS-DOS users.

    DRIVPARM Enables overwrite of original device drivers.

    ECHO Displays messages and enables and disables echo.

    EDIT View and edit files.

    EDLIN View and edit files.

    EMM386 Load extended Memory Manager.

    ENABLE Recovery console command to enable a disable service or driver.

    ENDLOCAL Stops the localization of the environment changes enabled by the setlocal command.

    ERASE Erase files from computer.

    EXIT Exit from the command interpreter.

    EXPAND Expand a M*cros*ft Windows file back to it's original format.

    EXTRACT Extract files from the M*cros*ft Windows cabinets.

    FASTHELP Displays a listing of MS-DOS commands and information about them.

    FC Compare files.

    FDISK Utility used to create partitions on the hard disk drive.

    FIND Search for text within a file.

    FINDSTR Searches for a string of text within a file.

    FIXBOOT Writes a new boot sector.

    FIXMBR Writes a new boot record to a disk drive.

    FOR Boolean used in batch files.

    FORMAT Command to erase and prepare a disk drive.

    FTP Command to connect and operate on a FTP server.

    FTYPE Displays or modifies file types used in file extension associations.

    GOTO Moves a batch file to a specific label or location.

    GRAFTABL Show extended characters in graphics mode.

    HELP Display a listing of commands and brief explanation.

    IF Allows for batch files to perform conditional processing.

    IFSHLP.SYS 32-bit file manager.

    IPCONFIG Network command to view network adapter settings and assigned values.

    KEYB Change layout of keyboard.

    LABEL Change the label of a disk drive.

    LH Load a device driver in to high memory.

    LISTSVC Recovery console command that displays the services and drivers.

    LOADFIX Load a program above the first 64k.

    LOADHIGH Load a device driver in to high memory.

    LOCK Lock the hard disk drive.

    LOGON Recovery console command to list installations and enable administrator login.

    MAP Displays the device name of a drive.

    MD Command to create a new directory.

    MEM Display memory on system.

    MKDIR Command to create a new directory.

    MODE Modify the port or display settings.

    MORE Display one page at a time.

    MOVE Move one or more files from one directory to another directory.

    MSAV Early M*cros*ft Virus scanner.

    MSD Diagnostics utility.

    MSCDEX Utility used to load and provide access to the CD-ROM.

    NBTSTAT Displays protocol statistics and current TCP/IP connections using NBT

    NET Update, fix, or view the network or network settings

    NETSH Configure dynamic and static network information from MS-DOS.

    NETSTAT Display the TCP/IP network protocol statistics and information.

    NLSFUNC Load country specific information.

    NSLOOKUP Look up an IP address of a domain or host on a network.

    PATH View and modify the computers path location.

    PATHPING View and locate locations of network latency.

    PAUSE Command used in batch files to stop the processing of a command.

    PING Test / send information to another network computer or network device.

    POPD Changes to the directory or network path stored by the pushd command.

    POWER Conserve power with computer portables.

    PRINT Prints data to a printer port.

    PROMPT View and change the MS-DOS prompt.

    PUSHD Stores a directory or network path in memory so it can be returned to at any time.

    QBASIC Open the QBasic.

    RD Removes an empty directory.

    REN Renames a file or directory.

    RENAME Renames a file or directory.

    RMDIR Removes an empty directory.

    ROUTE View and configure windows network route tables.

    RUNAS Enables a user to execute a program on another computer.

    SCANDISK Run the scandisk utility.

    SCANREG Scan registry and recover registry from errors.

    SET Change one variable or string to another.

    SETLOCAL Enables local environments to be changed without affecting anything else.

    SETVER Change MS-DOS version to trick older MS-DOS programs.

    SHARE Installs support for file sharing and locking capabilities.

    SHIFT Changes the position of replaceable parameters in a batch program.

    SHUTDOWN Shutdown the computer from the MS-DOS prompt.

    SMARTDRV Create a disk cache in conventional memory or extended memory.

    SORT Sorts the input and displays the output to the screen.

    START Start a separate window in Windows from the MS-DOS prompt.

    SUBST Substitute a folder on your computer for another drive letter.

    SWITCHES Remove add functions from MS-DOS.

    SYS Transfer system files to disk drive.

    TELNET Telnet to another computer / device from the prompt.

    TIME View or modify the system time.

    TITLE Change the title of their MS-DOS window.

    TRACERT Visually view a network packets route across a network.

    TREE View a visual tree of the hard disk drive.

    TYPE Display the contents of a file.

    UNDELETE Undelete a file that has been deleted.

    UNFORMAT Unformat a hard disk drive.

    UNLOCK Unlock a disk drive.

    VER Display the version information.

    VERIFY Enables or disables the feature to determine if files have been written properly.

    VOL Displays the volume information about the designated drive.

    XCOPY Copy multiple files, directories, and/or drives from one location to another.

    TRUENAME When placed before a file, will display the whole directory in which it exists

    TASKKILL It allows you to kill those unneeded or locked up applications

    Windows XP Shortcuts:


    ALT+- (ALT+hyphen) Displays the Multiple Document Interface (MDI) child window's System menu

    ALT+ENTER View properties for the selected item

    ALT+ESC Cycle through items in the order they were opened

    ALT+F4 Close the active item, or quit the active program

    ALT+SPACEBAR Display the System menu for the active window

    ALT+TAB Switch between open items

    ALT+Underlined letter Display the corresponding menu

    BACKSPACE View the folder one level up in My Computer or Windows Explorer

    CTRL+A Select all

    CTRL+B Bold

    CTRL+C Copy

    CTRL+I Italics

    CTRL+O Open an item

    CTRL+U Underline

    CTRL+V Paste

    CTRL+X Cut

    CTRL+Z Undo

    CTRL+F4 Close the active document

    CTRL while dragging Copy selected item

    CTRL+SHIFT while dragging Create shortcut to selected iteM

    CTRL+RIGHT ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next word

    CTRL+LEFT ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous word

    CTRL+DOWN ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the next paragraph

    CTRL+UP ARROW Move the insertion point to the beginning of the previous paragraph

    SHIFT+DELETE Delete selected item permanently without placing the item in the Recycle Bin

    ESC Cancel the current task

    F1 Displays Help

    F2 Rename selected item

    F3 Search for a file or folder

    F4 Display the Address bar list in My Computer or Windows Explorer

    F5 Refresh the active window

    F6 Cycle through screen elements in a window or on the desktop

    F10 Activate the menu bar in the active program

    SHIFT+F10 Display the shortcut menu for the selected item

    CTRL+ESC Display the Start menu

    SHIFT+CTRL+ESC Launches Task Manager

    SHIFT when you insert a CD Prevent the CD from automatically playing

    WIN Display or hide the Start menu

    WIN+BREAK Display the System Properties dialog box

    WIN+D Minimizes all Windows and shows the Desktop

    WIN+E Open Windows Explorer

    WIN+F Search for a file or folder

    WIN+F+CTRL Search for computers

    WIN+L Locks the desktop

    WIN+M Minimize or restore all windows

    WIN+R Open the Run dialog box

    WIN+TAB Switch between open items

    Windows Explorer Shortcuts:


    ALT+SPACEBAR - Display the current window’s system menu

    SHIFT+F10 - Display the item's context menu

    CTRL+ESC - Display the Start menu

    ALT+TAB - Switch to the window you last used

    ALT+F4 - Close the current window or quit

    CTRL+A - Select all items

    CTRL+X - Cut selected item(s)

    CTRL+C - Copy selected item(s)

    CTRL+V - Paste item(s)

    CTRL+Z - Undo last action

    CTRL+(+) - Automatically resize the columns in the right hand pane

    TAB - Move forward through options

    ALT+RIGHT ARROW - Move forward to a previous view

    ALT+LEFT ARROW - Move backward to a previous view

    SHIFT+DELETE - Delete an item immediately

    BACKSPACE - View the folder one level up

    ALT+ENTER - View an item’s properties

    F10 - Activate the menu bar in programs

    F6 - Switch between left and right panes

    F5 - Refresh window contents

    F3 - Display Find application

    F2 - Rename selected item

    Internet Explorer Shortcuts:


    CTRL+A - Select all items on the current page

    CTRL+D - Add the current page to your Favorites

    CTRL+E - Open the Search bar

    CTRL+F - Find on this page

    CTRL+H - Open the History bar

    CTRL+I - Open the Favorites bar

    CTRL+N - Open a new window

    CTRL+O - Go to a new location

    CTRL+P - Print the current page or active frame

    CTRL+S - Save the current page

    CTRL+W - Close current browser window

    CTRL+ENTER - Adds the http://www. (url) .com

    SHIFT+CLICK - Open link in new window

    BACKSPACE - Go to the previous page

    ALT+HOME - Go to your Home page

    HOME - Move to the beginning of a document

    TAB - Move forward through items on a page

    END - Move to the end of a document

    ESC - Stop downloading a page

    F11 - Toggle full-screen view

    F5 - Refresh the current page

    F4 - Display list of typed addresses

    F6 - Change Address bar and page focus

    ALT+RIGHT ARROW - Go to the next page

    SHIFT+CTRL+TAB - Move back between frames

    SHIFT+F10 - Display a shortcut menu for a link

    SHIFT+TAB - Move back through the items on a page

    CTRL+TAB - Move forward between frames

    CTRL+C - Copy selected items to the clipboard

    CTRL+V - Insert contents of the clipboard

    ENTER - Activate a selected link

    HOME - Move to the beginning of a document

    END - Move to the end of a document

    F1 - Display Internet Explorer Help

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